Psychogenetics Basics: Synergy Tests with Answers

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Psychogenetics Basics: Synergy Tests with Answers

The base of answers to the test - Fundamentals of Psychogenetics Synergy (results OFF) The file contains 60 questions.

1. The mandatory requirements for measuring quantitative characteristics in psychogenetics include
Sample representativeness
Reliability
Validity
The presence of a standardized test
Multiplicity

2. Characteristic for most psychological signs ...
Continuous Variability - “Continuous”
Threshold Variability
Alternative variability
Combinational variability
Discrete variability

3. The karyotype is ...
The composition of the individual genes
Haploid chromosome set
Set of chromosomes in somatic cells

4. The genotype is ...
Human Chromosome Set
The totality of the individual genes
Genetic constitution
All chromosomes obtained at conception
The totality of all alleles of an individual

5. The zygosity of the twins is ...
Homozygous or heterozygous state
Genotype Equality
Belonging to a certain type of twins
Identical
Origin from a single zygote

6. In the process of meiosis ...
The number of chromosomes does not change
Two eggs are formed
Four cycles of cell division occur.
Duplication of chromosomes occurs

7. It is not true that the phenotype ...
None in the early stages of embryonic development
Arises in the course of individual development
It is laid at the time of conception and remains unchanged
Entirely determined by development conditions
Genotype dependent

8. It is not true that the concept of “phenotype” can be applied to ...
Individual neuron
Blood protein factors
Single protein molecule
Behavior features
Higher mental functions

9. The twins can be unambiguously attributed to the elements of a common (divided) environment ...
Living conditions
Intrauterine environment
Parental attitude
Family library

10. In his work “heredity of talent” Galton applied ...
Pedigree method
Mendel´s laws
Variation statistics
Variation statistics

11. Recombination of chromosomes and genes takes place ...
In the formation of somatic cells
In the process of crossing over
With any cell divisions
With mutations

12. Are homozygous ...
Loci of the same gene
Paired chromosomes
Organisms with identical alleles on homologous chromosomes
Identical twins
Autosomes

13. Children of the same parents (not twins) are never genetically identical, because ...
crossing over can lead to the exchange of regions of homologous chromosomes
parents have different karyotypes
their conception does not occur simultaneously
recombination processes take place
mutations take place

14. The classic twin method is based on three main premises, in particular:
the lack of systematic differences between twins and non-twins
the lack of maternal effect
lack of genetic recombination
the absence of systematic differences between the MZ and DZ twins
about equality of environment among partners

15. The subject of psychogenetics is ...
study of the role of biological and social factors in the development of the psyche
study of the role of hereditary and environmental factors in the formation of personality
study of the role of the innate and acquired in the formation of personality
study of hereditary developmental mechanisms
study of individual psychological characteristics of a person
interindividual variation of psychological and psychophysiological characteristics of a person

16. genetic information is encoded ...
chromosome structure
chromosome set
the arrangement of nitrogen bases in the DNA chain
specific protein synthesis
gene sequence in DNA

17. In psychogenetics, a synonym for the concept of “dispersion” is used, it is “...”
standard deviation
correlation
assortivity
variability
phenotypic structure
interaction of genotype and environment

18. It is not true that quantitative variability may result from ...
genetic variation
environmental influences
additive gene interaction
interactions of two alleles

19. genes on the chromo

Additional information

21. Similarities between relatives may arise due to ...
similar intrauterine developmental conditions
the presence of genes derived from common ancestors
similar environmental conditions
identical karyotypes of parents
gene recombination in parents

22. Heritability indicator is used to assess ...
the role of heredity in the development of an individual
similarities between twins
the contribution of heredity to the variability of phenotypes in a population
hereditary determination of the trait of a specific individual

23. are called concordant ...
loci with identical alleles
monozygotic twins
homologous chromosomes
hereditary twins
relatives with the same symptoms

24. There is no genetic variation (unless mutations are taken into account) ...
in the early stages of embryogenesis
with asexual reproduction
in cloned organisms
in isolated populations
in clean plant and animal lines

25. to the fundamentally important advantages of peas as an object of research in the experiments of G. Mendel should be attributed ...

availability and ease of cultivation
self-pollination
fast breeding
possibility of artificial pollination
precocity
the presence of polymorphisms

26. The conditions for the correspondence of correlation coefficients to related factors are ...
genetic determination of the trait
lack of assortment
environmental determination of the trait
pure additive gene effect
genotype-environmental interaction

27. a component of phenotypic dispersion is ...
genetic dispersion
genotype-environmental interaction
additive genotypic value
genotype-environmental covariance
correlation between relatives
environmental dispersion

28. clones are ...
children from multiple pregnancy
inbred lines
artificially grown organisms
monozygotic twins

29. When raising MH twins, you can get positive effects if ...
put them in different kindergarten groups and different school classes
give everyone a separate order
dress them alike
do more with each individual
emphasize their similarity
try not to separate them
give them more time to spend with each other

30. The decoding of the nucleotide sequence in the DNA chain is ...
sequencing
broadcast
splicing
transcription
restriction

31. maternal effects in development include ...
maternal care and education after birth
features of the intrauterine period of development
mutations in the germ cells of the mother
mother crossover frequency
ovum cytoplasmic effects

32. the twin situation is ...
multiple pregnancy
psychological situation in a family raising twins
competition between twins
conflict between twins

33. phenotype ...
this is a group of organisms with a certain combination of characteristics
formed under the influence of genotype and environment
this is the totality of all the signs of an organism at a particular moment in its life

34. speaking of traits in genetics, it cannot be argued that ...
with discrete variability, there are no intermediate forms
discrete features are characterized by continuous variability
qualitative features relate to polymorphisms
discrete discreet behaviors
the frequency of occurrence of discrete characters in populations is unchanged

35. gene expression is ...
gene expression in the trait
transcription regulation process
protein synthesis

****
58. The twins can be unambiguously attributed to the elements of a common (divided) environment ...
parental attitude
living conditions
family affluence
family library
intrauterine environment

59. In his work “The Heredity of Talent”, Galton applied ...
variation statistics
pedigree method
artificial selection
Mendel’s laws

60. Recombination of chromosomes and genes takes place:
during meiosis
in the formation of somatic cells
in the process of crossing over
with any cell divisions
with mutations

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